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Treatment as Prevention

IAS 2011: Expand Treatment for Prevention, Experts Urge

Experts from the International AIDS Society (IAS) and UNAIDS expressed support for an editorial comment by Julio Montaner in the forthcoming issue of The Lancet, calling for expansion of early antiretroviral therapy as one strategy in a comprehensive approach to prevention of HIV infection.alt

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HIV Treatment Dramatically Reduces Sexual Transmission

Early antiretroviral therapy (ART) decreased the likelihood of HIV transmission between heterosexual partners by 96% in the large international HPTN 052 trial.

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Universal Testing and Treatment Could Reduce New HIV Infections by 76%

New HIV infections among gay men could decrease by 59% if all HIV positive adults now in care start antiretroviral therapy, and the number could drop further with universal annual testing, according to recently published mathematical models.

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CROI 2011: Can Lowering Community Viral Load Decrease New HIV Infections?

Decreased average and maximum community viral load (CVL) was associated with a decline in new HIV infections in San Francisco, and new HIV diagnoses are decreasing along with CVL in New York City, but this correlation has not yet been observed in Washington, DC, researchers reported at CROI 2011. alt

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AIDS 2010: Early Antiretroviral Treatment Reduces New HIV Infections, Says British Columbia Study

A study published in the July 18, 2010 advance online edition of the Lancet (free full text with registration) and discussed at the XVIII International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2010) this week in Vienna offers further evidence that widespread early antiretroviral therapy (ART) can reduce the spread of HIV at a population level. Universal early ART is not without controversy, however, due to concerns about side effects, drug resistance, and resource allocation.

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