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Cardiovascular Disease

Hepatitis C Patients May Have Increased Risk of Stroke

People with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection appear to have a higher likelihood of dying from strokes than uninfected individuals, according to research reported in the December 2010 issue of Stroke. Over 17 years of follow-up, nearly 3% of HCV seropositive people dieddue to cerebrovascular events, compared with 1% of HCV negative people; furthermore, the risk of stroke death rose with increasing HCV viral load.

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October 29 Is World Stroke Day

Saturday, October 29, has been designated World Stroke Day, an opportunity to raise awareness about how to prevent strokes -- which studies indicate occur more often among people with HIV and those with hepatitis C -- and how to recognize stroke symptoms to enable prompt treatment.

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Diet, Exercise, and Niacin/Fenofibrate Improves Blood Lipids in People with HIV

A combination approach including low-fat diet, exercise, and niacin plus fenofibrate increased HDL good cholesterol and reduced bad cholesterol and triglycerides in HIV positive people on antiretroviral therapy (ART) with abnormal blood lipid levels, researchers reported in the July 2011 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

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Elevated Triglycerides and Waist Circumference Predict Cardiovascular Risk for People with HIV

HIV positive people with high triglyceride levels and large girth were more likely to have other risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease and events such heart attacks, suggesting that these 2 simple measures may be used to distinguish high-risk versus low-risk individuals, according to a study in the September 22, 2011, edition of the open access journal PLoS ONE.

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Do Statins Reduce Risk of Death for People with HIV?

HIV positive people on suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART) were significantly less likely to die if they were also taking a statin drug to manage blood lipids, researchers reported in the July 12, 2011, online edition of the open access journal PLoS ONE. The researchers suggested that statins' ability to reduce inflammation may have a survival benefit for people with HIV.alt

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